MisterNazgul wrote:Okay so half the stuff that seems to be based off something isn't based of something actually?
Well, all authors including Tolkien have sources and take inspiration from historical events and things that happen to them. Doesn't mean there's a one to one correspondence. Tolkien lived in a subtler age, when cut and paste was something you did with paper and glue, not a substitute for creative thought. He put it best himself in the Foreword, as solictr said:
An author cannot of course remain wholly unaffected by his experience, but the ways in which a story-germ uses the soil of experience are extremely complex, and attempts to define the process are at best guesses from evidence that is inadequate and ambiguous...
If you are looking for Tolkien's own life experience influences in Middle-earth, you would be better looking at WW1 than WW2. Quite apart from the fact that the key parts of LOTR had been written before WW2 started, during WW2 Tolkien was a middle-aged man in the relative safety of England. Whereas in WW1 he was a young man getting shot at in the trenches of the Somme and wondering if he would end up dead like his three best friends already were. I imagine that would be a formative experience.