The Etymology Game! (please read first post)

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Postby Wasara » Fri Oct 22, 2004 7:04 am

aristocrat


1. (n) a member of the aristocracy
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Postby ShelG » Fri Oct 22, 2004 10:14 am

Cavalier ~ cav·a·lier n.

A gallant or chivalrous man, especially one serving as escort to a woman of high social position; a gentleman.
A mounted soldier; a knight.
Cavalier A supporter of Charles I of England in his struggles against Parliament. Also called Royalist.

adj.
Showing arrogant or offhand disregard; dismissive: a cavalier attitude toward the suffering of others.
Carefree and nonchalant; jaunty.
Cavalier Of or relating to a group of 17th-century English poets associated with the court of Charles I.


[French, horseman, from Old Italian cavaliere, from Late Latin caballrius, from Latin caballus, horse.]
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Postby Wasara » Sat Oct 23, 2004 12:31 am

chevalier


1. (n) a gallant and courtly gentleman

2. (n) French actor and caparet singer Maurice Chevalier (1888-1972)
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Postby Orangeblossom_Bumbleroot » Sat Oct 23, 2004 6:10 am

dough·ty ( P ) Pronunciation Key (dout)
adj. dough·ti·er, dough·ti·est
Marked by stouthearted courage; brave.



[Middle English, from Old English dohtig. See dheugh- in Indo-European Roots.]
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Postby Pippin4242 » Sat Oct 23, 2004 6:30 am

feist·y adj. feist·i·er, feist·i·est
Touchy; quarrelsome.
Full of spirit or pluck; frisky or spunky.

*~Pips~*
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Postby Wasara » Sat Oct 23, 2004 6:54 am

plucky


1. (adj) showing courage in the face of danger; "a plucky lampooner of the administration"

2. (adj) showing courage; "the champion is faced with a plucky challenger"
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Postby ShelG » Sat Oct 23, 2004 7:26 am

Mettle ~ met·tle n.

Courage and fortitude; spirit: troops who showed their mettle in combat.
Inherent quality of character and temperament.

Idiom:
on (one's) mettle
Prepared to accept a challenge and do one's best.


[Variant of metal]
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Postby Wasara » Sat Oct 23, 2004 7:37 am

spunk


1. (n) the courage to carry on; "he kept fighting on pure skunk"

2. (n) material for starting a fire
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Postby Idhren » Sat Oct 23, 2004 2:29 pm

Fortitude

1. Physical or structural strength. Obs.

1553 EDEN Treat. Newe Ind. (Arb.) 15 A beast..excellinge all other beastes in fortitude and strength. 1591 SHAKES. 1 Hen. VI, II. i. 17 Dispairing of his owne armes fortitude. 1604 Oth. I. iii. 222 The Fortitude of the place is best knowne to you. 1703 T. N. City & C. Purchaser 50 Bonding of Brick-work..conduces very much to its Fortitude.



2. Moral strength or courage. Now only in passive sense: Unyielding courage in the endurance of pain or adversity. (One of the cardinal virtues.)

[c1386 CHAUCER Pars. T. 654 Agayns..Accidie..ther is a vertu that is called Fortitudo.] 1500-20 DUNBAR Poems lxviii. 77 Fortitude, prowdence, and temperance. 1609 BIBLE (Douay) Zech. xiii. Comm., The Apostles fleing God recalled them, and streingthened them with fortitude. 1713 STEELE Englishm. No. 22. 144 Fortitude is the peculiar Excellence of Man. 1754 MRS. DELANY Let. 10 Nov., The Duchess of Queensbury bears her calamity with great fortitude. 1818 HAZLITT Eng. Poets ii. (1870) 27 Fortitude does not appear at any time to have been the distinguishing virtue of poets. 1848 DICKENS Dombey vi. (C. D. ed.) 40 She could bear the disappointments of other people with tolerable fortitude.



3. Astrol. A position or circumstance which heightens the influence of a planet; a dignity.

1547 BOORDE Astronamye Contents in Introd. Knowl. (1870) Forewords 23 The iii[i]. capytle doth shew of the fortitudes of the planetes. 1695 CONGREVE Love for L. II. i, Sure the Moon is in all her Fortitudes.
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Postby ShelG » Sat Oct 23, 2004 7:48 pm

Backbone ~ back·bone n.

Strength of character; determination: displayed grit and backbone in facing adversity.

The vertebrate spine or spinal column.

Something, such as the keel of a ship, that resembles a backbone.

A main support or major sustaining factor: the backbone of a thesis.

Geology: A ridge forming the principal axis of a mountain.
The principal mountain ridge, range, or system of a region.

Chemistry: The main chain of atoms in a polymer.
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Postby ShelG » Sat Oct 23, 2004 7:48 pm

Backbone ~ back·bone n.

Strength of character; determination: displayed grit and backbone in facing adversity.

The vertebrate spine or spinal column.

Something, such as the keel of a ship, that resembles a backbone.

A main support or major sustaining factor: the backbone of a thesis.

Geology: A ridge forming the principal axis of a mountain.
The principal mountain ridge, range, or system of a region.

Chemistry: The main chain of atoms in a polymer.
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Postby ShelG » Sat Oct 23, 2004 7:51 pm

:shock: Oh No!!!!!!

So sorry!
It posted twice. Is there any way to delete the xtra one?
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Postby Wasara » Sun Oct 24, 2004 1:55 am

(SheG those happens!)

moxie


1. (n) (informal) fortitude and determination; "he did`t have the moxie to try it"
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Postby ShelG » Sun Oct 24, 2004 11:55 am

Vehement ~ ve·he·ment adj.

Marked by or full of vigor or energy; strong: a vehement storm.

Characterized by forcefulness of expression or intensity of emotion or conviction; fervid: a vehement denial. See Synonyms at intense.


[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin vehemns, vehement-, perhaps from vehere, to carry. See wegh- in Indo-European Roots.]
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Postby Orangeblossom_Bumbleroot » Sun Oct 24, 2004 8:59 pm

rab·id ( P ) Pronunciation Key (rbd)
adj.
Of or affected by rabies.
Raging; uncontrollable: rabid thirst.
Extremely zealous or enthusiastic; fanatical: a rabid football fan.



[Latin rabidus, from rabere, to rave.]

ra·bidi·ty (r-bd-t, r-) or rabid·ness (rbd-ns) n.
rabid·ly adv.
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Postby Wasara » Mon Oct 25, 2004 4:35 am

fanatic


1. (adj) a person motivated by irrational enthusiasm (as for cause); "A fanatic is one who can`t change his mind and won`t change the subject"-Winston Churchill

2. (adj) marked by excessive enthusiasm for and intense devotion to a cause or idea; "a fanatic isolationist"
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Postby Orangeblossom_Bumbleroot » Mon Oct 25, 2004 5:52 am

ma·ni·ac ( P ) Pronunciation Key (mn-k)
n.
An insane person.
A person who has an excessive enthusiasm or desire for something: a sports maniac.
A person who acts in a wildly irresponsible way: maniacs on the highway.

adj.
Variant of maniacal.


[From Late Latin maniacus, maniacal, from Greek maniakos, from mani, madness. See men-1 in Indo-European Roots.]
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Postby Wasara » Mon Oct 25, 2004 6:10 am

bedlamite


1. (n) an archaic term for a lunatic
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Postby Orangeblossom_Bumbleroot » Mon Oct 25, 2004 7:20 am

bon·kers ( P ) Pronunciation Key (bngkrz)
adj. Informal
Crazy: “When word spread that free gas was to be found, the populace, as expected, went bonkers” (Washington Post).



[Origin unknown.]
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Postby Gwenneth_Eruwen » Mon Oct 25, 2004 7:20 am

crack ( P ) Pronunciation Key (krk)
v. cracked, crack·ing, cracks
v. intr.
To break or snap apart.
To make a sharp snapping sound.
To break without complete separation of parts; fissure: The mirror cracked.
To change sharply in pitch or timbre, as from hoarseness or emotion. Used of the voice.
To break down; fail: The defendant's composure finally began to crack.
To have a mental or physical breakdown: cracked under the pressure.
To move or go rapidly: was cracking along at 70 miles an hour.
Chemistry. To break into simpler molecules by means of heat.

v. tr.
To cause to make a sharp snapping sound.
To cause to break without complete separation of parts: cracked the glass.

To break with a sharp snapping sound. See Synonyms at break.
To crush (corn or wheat, for example) into small pieces.
To open to a slight extent: cracked the window to let in some air.
To strike with a sudden sharp sound.
Informal.
To break open or into: crack a safe.
To open up for use or consumption: crack a book; cracked a beer.
To break through (an obstacle) in order to win acceptance or acknowledgement: finally cracked the “men-only” rule at the club.
To discover the solution to, especially after considerable effort: crack a code.
To cause (the voice) to crack.
Informal. To tell (a joke), especially on impulse or in an effective manner.
To cause to have a mental or physical breakdown.
To impair or destroy: Their rude remarks cracked his equanimity.
To reduce (petroleum) to simpler compounds by cracking.

n.
A sharp snapping sound, such as the report of a firearm.

A partial split or break; a fissure.
A slight narrow space: The window was open a crack.
A sharp resounding blow.

A mental or physical impairment; a defect.
A breaking, harshly dissonant vocal tone or sound, as in hoarseness.
An attempt or try: gave him a crack at the job; took a crack at photography.
A witty or sarcastic remark. See Synonyms at joke.
A moment; an instant: at the crack of dawn.
Irish. Fun; amusement.
Slang. Crack cocaine.

adj.
Excelling in skill or achievement; first-rate: a crack shot; a crack tennis player.

Gwenny
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Postby Wasara » Mon Oct 25, 2004 7:45 am

A-one


1. (adj) (informal) of the highest quality; "an A-one reporter"; "an A-one shot"; "an A-one golfer"; "an A-one party"; "played A-one tennis"; "an athlete in A-one condition"; "she is A-one"
Last edited by Wasara on Mon Oct 25, 2004 10:03 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Postby Idhren » Mon Oct 25, 2004 9:59 am

A1

2. A 1. Applied in Lloyd's Register to ships in first-class condition, as to hull and stores alike. ‘The character A denotes New ships, or Ships Renewed or Restored. The Stores of Vessels are designated by the figures 1 and 2; 1 signifying that the Vessel is well and sufficiently found.’Key to the Register. Added to the names of ships, as ‘the fast-sailing ship “Sea-breeze”, A 1 at Lloyd's’, or used attributively, ‘the splendid A 1 clipper-built ship “Miranda”.’
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Postby Wasara » Mon Oct 25, 2004 11:17 am

first-rate


1. (adj) quite well; "she doesn`t feel first-rate today"

2. (adj) (informal)of the highest quality; "she is absolutely first-rate"; "an first-rate shot"
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Postby Idhren » Mon Oct 25, 2004 2:00 pm

Superior

Main Entry: 1su·pe·ri·or
Pronunciation: su-'pir-E-&r
Function: adjective
Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French superieur, from Latin superior, comparative of superus upper, from super over, above -- more at OVER
1 : situated higher up : UPPER
2 : of higher rank, quality, or importance
3 : courageously or serenely indifferent (as to something painful or disheartening)
4 a : greater in quantity or numbers <escaped by superior speed> b : excellent of its kind : BETTER <her superior memory>
5 : being a superscript
6 a of an animal structure : situated above or anterior or dorsal to another and especially a corresponding part <a superior artery> b of a plant structure : situated above or near the top of another part: as (1) of a calyx : attached to and apparently arising from the ovary (2) of an ovary : free from the calyx or other floral envelope
7 : more comprehensive <a genus is superior to a species>
8 : affecting or assuming an air of superiority : SUPERCILIOUS
- su·pe·ri·or·ly adverb
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Postby Orangeblossom_Bumbleroot » Mon Oct 25, 2004 4:14 pm

par·a·mount ( P ) Pronunciation Key (pr-mount)
adj.
Of chief concern or importance: tending first to one's paramount needs.
Supreme in rank, power, or authority. See Synonyms at dominant.

n.
One that has the highest rank, power, or authority.



[Anglo-Norman paramont, above : par, by (from Latin per. See per1 in Indo-European Roots) + amont, above, upward; see amount.]
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Postby Wasara » Tue Oct 26, 2004 4:38 am

dominant


1. (n) (music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale

2. (v) exercising influence or control; "television plays a dominant role in molding puplic opinion"

3. (adj) of genes; producing the same phenotype whether its allele is identical or dissimilar
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Postby Orangeblossom_Bumbleroot » Tue Oct 26, 2004 5:22 am

des·pot ( P ) Pronunciation Key (dspt)
n.
A ruler with absolute power.
A person who wields power oppressively; a tyrant.

A Byzantine emperor or prince.
An Eastern Orthodox bishop or patriarch.


[French despote, from Medieval Latin despota, from Greek despots, master. See dem- in Indo-European Roots.]

des·potic (d-sptk) adj.
des·poti·cal·ly adv.
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Postby Wasara » Tue Oct 26, 2004 5:52 am

autocrat


1. (n) a dictator or dictatorial person
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Postby ShelG » Tue Oct 26, 2004 3:50 pm

Duce ~ du·ce n.
A leader or commander; a chief.


[Italian, from Latin dux, duc-. See duke.]
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Postby Wasara » Wed Oct 27, 2004 4:22 am

potentante


1. (n) a ruler who is unconstrained by law
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